How to Find a Literary Agent

For an unpublished author or ID-10043412unproduced screenwriter finding a literary agent who will represent your work and take your career to the next level is as critical as the ability to write gripping novels or attention-grabbing screenplays. But finding representation can be a frustrating quest.

Says Diana Rubino, a multi-published author who is currently on her third agent, “I found it as hard to find an agent as it is to find a publisher; you need to query many of them before finding one who’s willing to represent you. Very few traditional publishers accept unagented material these days.”

Do you need an agent? Xandra James, who has multiple titles to her name in the genre of paranormal romance, contemporary romance and romantic suspense, says, “It depends on what you want for your career. If your goals consist of hitting the big New York traditional publishers, agents are a good bet although you can get their attention through self-publishing nowadays. I know of quite a few authors who simply want an agent to negotiate their foreign rights and movie rights. It depends on what you want from an agent and what one can offer you at this point in your career too.”

Increasingly, authors are exploring both options of being traditionally- and self-published. Says author Karen Duvall, who enjoys a “terrific working relationship” with her agent, “If you want to be a hybrid author with your feet in both camps, you’ll want a traditional publishing contract and the big ones aren’t easy without an agent. Most big publishers won’t consider unagented submissions (but this will likely change in the near future). Now that a few author/agent teams have broken through the traditional publisher wall that used to make an author’s claim to electronic rights a deal breaker, authors may be able to keep their books’ e-rights and contract only for paper. That’s a huge coup and it’s less likely to happen without an agent’s help.”

With the success of self-publishing more and more authors are using the D-I-Y approach to publishing. As romance author Téa Cooper says, “I thought it (finding an agent) was the holy grail. But now I’m changing my mind.” But as Karen Duvall cautions, “Typically, small publishers are open to unagented writers. Even if you do land a publisher, it’s strongly advised that the contract be reviewed by an agent or literary attorney.”

In the screenwriting world, an agent is the only way forward, says Julie Gray of Just Effin’ Entertain Me. The writing coach and mentor who also runs a top-tier screenwriting competition, writes in her blog: “Production companies have some pretty good reasons for not accepting unrepped work. A repped writer has been vetted, for one thing. Production companies would rather know the work is on the level where a manager or agent really believes in it. It’s a filtering system. It’s quality control. And it’s very necessary.” She further adds, “There are smaller companies that might respond to a killer query and ask to read your script—you just to have to find them.”

So, how do you find an agent? “It’s not so much about finding one as it is about knowing which one is the right for you,” says Karen. “The best source as a place to start is Once you know the basic details about the agents who represent your type of book, you research them individually. You might go so far as to contact a few of the authors they represent. I also recommend attending a few writers conferences not only for the opportunity to pitch your work but also to hear what agents have to say when they sit on panels and give workshops. Knowledge is power. You want to make an informed decision before you start sending out your queries.”

Diana adds, “The Writers Market has listings of agents and you can google literary agents. Also, ask around, if your fellow authors have agents who are accepting new clients. Not all fellow authors will want to share this information but it never hurts to ask. Make sure the agents you query handle your genre.”

Another source for finding literary agents is AgentHunter. I personally checked out the site and found that not only does it list agents by name, genre and literary agency but you can use a number of search filters to find agents who meet your criteria. Narrowing the search by experience, ‘hunger for clients’, authors represented, makes it easier to draw up a laundry list of the agents you could query. The website offers search tools for “every literary agency in the UK and for every significant publisher”. So if an author decides that his/her project is more suited for direct submission to publishers, a list of potential publishers too can be generated.

The best part is that the website provides detailed biographies of the agents, and includes contact info, client list status, total number of clients as well as information about authors and books liked by the agent, links to their blogs and advice to writers, twitter handles and more. Having all this information in one place is of immense help to authors who are looking for the ‘right agent’. After all, as Diana points out, “It’s said that ‘a bad agent is worse than no agent at all’. So it’s very important that it’s a good match, like a marriage.”

Many ways to being discovered. Laurie Ashbourne, a writer and a story development consultant, feels that “there has never been a better time for writers to be discovered. Very recently I have seen agents for both screenwriters and novelists take to different approaches in reaching out to new writers. Regina Brooks who oversees Gotham’s Writers Digest YA contest, held an online seminar based on this. Twitter is also a great way to connect to agents for both worlds, there’s a television and film lit manager @BrooklynWeaver who occasionally holds #popupitch and he’s signed writers from that. There are also reputable script hosting services that can get you noticed such as the Blacklist and SpecScout.”

Laurie points out, “First, writers must realize that agents are a writer’s sales force. So if you can prove your material has traction in the marketplace (such as good reviews and ebook downloads) then that acts as a selling point for them and you. Second, even if you do get an agent to get you in front of decision makers, it’s up to you to sell the material, by it being good and also by presenting yourself as someone they want to do business with.”

Contests are also a great way of landing agents, says Laurie. “Top-tier (screenwriting) contests – Nicholl, Austin, Just Effing Entertain Me – all get your material in front of agents. But the resources popping up lately like the Blacklist and Specscout and some of the well-connected consultants will be happy to pass along a great script.”

So, what has your experience been in finding an agent? Do share with us your stories.

Related Post: 4 Things to Consider When Researching Literary Agents

[Image courtesy of digitalart at]

About Adite

Author & Screenwriter
This entry was posted in A Novel Journey, Screenwriting Adventures and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

16 Responses to How to Find a Literary Agent

  1. Admin - Eleni says:

    I decided to self-publish because I had a clear vision of what I wanted to accomplish and didn’t want a middle man to tell me what I should or shouldn’t write. I never even sent out one query letter. Even my husband said I’d end up self-publishing. He knows me well, especially since I have aspirations of publishing other authors who write visionary fiction. My goals are larger than myself. They’re also about bringing recognition to a wonderful and under-appreciated genre. Going the self-publishing route is more difficult as you’re responsible for everything. For me, getting a final proof proved to be the most challenging, but I know with each publication, my system will become more streamlined. And it definitely has been a thrilling ride!


    • Eleni, it’s wonderful that you have a clear idea of your publishing/writing goals. What’s even better, your efforts will open doors for many aspiring authors. Good luck!


  2. ace says:

    Reblogged this on 1st 10 pages and commented:
    Writer Adite has done her homework for both the book and screenplay world, to help you out. Some good tips in here!


  3. Constance Lombardo says:

    Hi Laurie! I was very fortunate to get my agent, Lori Nowicki of Painted Words. I found her name on some website (wish I could remember) and she expressed interest in one of my picture books but did not sign me on. Then I asked if she’d look at my graphic novel and we connected over that project!
    Your blog post is right on. I used query tracker alot. Casey McCormick’s Literary Rambles is also an excellent resource. I had been submitting to agents for a few years with different projects (novels and picture books.) I think for me it was a matter of the right project for the right agent.


  4. Xandra James says:

    Thanks for the mention, Adite 🙂 Great post and very informative. It’s just one of those subjects where everyone does have an opinion but, at the end of the day, you need to do what works for you – it’s no good following someone else down their path, hoping they have the secret formula. Do your research!


    • You’re so right, Xandra. There is no ‘secret formula’. Every writer has to find his/her own path and today there are plenty of opportunities for that. Thanks for your insights. 🙂


  5. Great post, thanks! I am also of the opinion that we find a formula that works for the individual. I intend to work with a literary agent in the future, but I have successfully published 3 novels so far as an Indie and will continue to do so for as long I need. For me it is all about learning as we go, developing our niche in the book publishing world, and combining our writing talents with a proper business knowledge and practice.


  6. Pingback: “Do’s and Don’ts for Query Letters” ~ by Stephanie Haefner | Authors Helping Authors Resource Site

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